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Power Distribution Substation Roles, Types & Components

As an electrical engineer or professional you already know that an electrical or distribution substation is very important components of any power distribution system. Normally electrical grid can be considered as simple circuit which includes power source or generation, power transmission and electricity distribution lines for connecting to the electricity consumers. The role of electrical… Read More »

Introduction of Distribution Electrical Transformers – How Transformer Works?

In general understanding electrical distribution transformers are used to reduce primary system voltages (which is normally 2.4-34.5kV) to the level of utilization voltages i.e. 120- 600V. International electrotechnical commission standards do not distinguish between distribution electrical transformers and power transformer. They are all power electrical transformers in the sense that their purpose is to transmit… Read More »

Balun Transformer – Balanced vs Unbalanced Transmission Lines

What is a balun? A Balun is special type of transformer that performs two functions i.e. impedance transformation and balanced to unbalanced transformation. The term balun is a contraction of “balanced to unbalanced transformer” Why do we need a balun? Baluns are important because many types of antennas (dipoles, yagis, loops) are balanced loads, which… Read More »

How to Measures Core and Winding Losses of Electrical Current Transformer

Both short circuit and open circuit tests are conducted to measure the core and winding losses of transformers. As we know that there are mainly two major parts of transformers i.e. core and winding, which are made of two type of materials, which are iron and copper.  The core of a transformer is made of… Read More »

What is On Load Tap Changer OLTC in Transformers

A tap changer is a device fitted to power transformers for regulation of the output voltage to required levels. On-load tap-changers (OLTCs) are indispensable in regulating power transformers used in electrical energy networks and industrial applications. OLTC changer alters the turn ratios of the transformer on the system by altering the number of turns in… Read More »

Dry Type Substation Transformers Technical Features

Most transformer companies offer standard engineered products only, and ask the users to make it fit their applications. Also these companies can engineer the product both electrically and mechanically to fit virtually any application. Typically companies employ three winding styles for Special Design Dry Type transformers, based on kVA, voltage and BIL requirements. The ability to… Read More »